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Highly Skilled Tax Attorney and Sophisticated Businessman, Was Found Guilty of 16-Counts of Willful Failure to Pay Over Withheld Employment Taxes in Violation of 26 U.S.C. § 7202 After Skating for Years

Highly Skilled Tax Attorney and Sophisticated Businessman, Was Found Guilty of 16-Counts of Willful Failure to Pay Over Withheld Employment Taxes in Violation of 26 U.S.C. § 7202  After Skating for Years

The evidence at trial fairly established that Lynch possessed superior knowledge of tax and corporate laws which he used to keep Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") agents from being able to collect taxes due for several entities that related to a collection of businesses related to indoor ice skating - by shifting assets and employees among several entities.

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The Fifth Amendment Does Not Protect Taxpayers From Being Forced to Produce Certain Required Records Even If The Records Are Incriminating.

The Fifth Amendment Does Not Protect Taxpayers From Being Forced to Produce Certain Required Records Even If The Records Are Incriminating.

The Fifth Amendment protects individual taxpayers from being compelled to testify when such testimony is incriminating. This rule has been held to apply to the records in the custody and control of the taxpayer. However, when the taxpayer is required to maintain the records for non-law enforcement reasons that are public in nature, the Required Records Doctrine authorizes the government to subpoena such records. This is recognized as an exception to the Fifth Amendment.

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Court Holds that Definition of "Willful" Is Not The Same In FBAR Civil Penalty Case As In Criminal Tax Cases

Defendants in a FBAR penalty case argued that the Chief Counsel of the Internal Revenue Service has opined that the willfulness standard for purposes of 31 U.S.C. § 5321 is the same as the criminal standard. IRS CCA 200603026. However, the Court held that Chief Counsel Advice may not be used or cited as precedent. 26 U.S.C. § 6110(k)(3) Defendant also argued that the IRS manual stated that the definition of "willfully" was the same for criminal and civil cases. The Court held that the IRS was not bound by statements made in its manual. The Court held that the definition of "willfully" included reckless disregard for the tax laws.

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Definition of "Willful" in Civil Cases

Definition of "Willful" in Civil Cases

District Court finds in FBAR penalty trial that the definition of willful in civil cases includes reckless disregard of tax laws. The Court found that the burden of proof in a civil FBAR penalty case was a mere preponderance of the evidence. The IRS was not bound by the opinion of General Counsel or its own manual that state that the definition of willful should be the same in civil cases as in criminal cases.

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